The phrase “Driving While Black” has been used in both the public and private discourse relating to the Racial Profiling of Black motorists.The term rose to prominence in public discourse during the 1990s, in the wake of the War on Drugs, when it was brought to public knowledge that police stations across the country were intentionally targeting racial minorities to curb the trafficking and sale of drugs in the United States.For example, New Jersey released state documents in 2000 which showed police training memos instructing officers to make racial judgments in order to identify “Occupant Identifiers for a possible Drug Courier” on the highway.
The phrase was further magnified after the ruling of Whren v. United States (1996), when the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously ruled that police officers may stop any motor vehicle operator if any traffic violation has been observed.The case has been criticized by scholars for allowing too much subjectivity on the part of police officers to use racial bias as a justification for the stop.
Subsequent media coverage of the phrase “Driving While Black” since the 1990s has been expansive and more common.The phrase is often used in anecdotal accounts of racial profiling of motor vehicle operators as well as statistical and legal analyses of racial profiling, a notable example being the case of Tolan v. Cotton.
In 2014 Portland lawyers Melvin Oden-Orr and Marianne Hyland created an app named “Driving While Black” in which users can record police and alert people when they are stopped by police on the road. It also supplies users with information on how to handle a traffic stop, including their legal rights and “best practices” for “how to be safe.”The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) released a similar app called “Mobile Justice” in which users can record and upload videos to the ACLU office.
The phrase DWB was amplified in the scope of American public discourse through social media mediums in which African Americans can record police encounters and disseminate it to a large audience.’Driving While Black’ was invoked in the media following the recent deaths of Sandra Bland (d. 2015) and Philando Castile (d. 2016), both of whom were African Americans who were pulled over by police while driving.
Protecting the Innocent
To Protect the Innocent, Black-Owned Tech Startup is Developing an App That Will Monitor Police Misconduct
Birmingham, AL — In 2017, Maria Watkins, an African American entrepreneur, founded the RightThere Corporation (RTC). The organization was incorporated in 2018 with an exemplary board of directors, including a retired police captain as board chairman. The RightThere Corporation is now among the first to offer a formidable, technological solution for civilians who fear the threat of police misconduct and other potentially dangerous situations.
RightThere Corporation is using technology to accomplish their mission of preventing police misconduct and reducing civil rights violations and to make justice work for all. The African American community has been severely impacted by police misconduct. In the United States, according to an analysis of data from The Guardian on police killings, Black Americans in comparison to their white counterparts, are more likely to be killed by police when unarmed.
RightThere Corporation and its dedicated team of professionals have developed an app that will assist in reducing police misconduct. RTC is awaiting full patent approval. The RTC Protech™ app will soon be on Apple and Android devices as well as a wearable device.
The list below highlights certain app function and services:
* Voice/touch activation
* GPS Tracking
* Audio and video surveillance
* Alerts to emergency contacts
* Assist in filing complaints to appropriate agencies
* Access to Legal Referral Network
What can I do?
The purpose of this press release is to compel concerned individuals to ask the question: What can I do? Those willing to be part of the solution and willing to assist RTC in tackling the problem of police misconduct are welcome. The success of RTC and the community will impact not only this generation but also for generations to come. Every community deserves to live in safety and to be treated equally under the law.
Support RTC by visiting their pre-launch website, and learning more about Rightthere Corporation. Register by leaving your name and email. RightThere Corporation will send you updates on their progress and launch date.
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Beyonce Reportedly Made $300 Million From Her Uber Investment
Uber went public last week and their shares have been plummeting ever since. Despite this, singer Beyonce has still managed to score a $300 million profit from her investment. Many are wondering how this is possible since Uber’s shares plunged during the first week, closing as low as 17% below its IPO price!
Well, according to The New York Times, Beyonce received $6 million in restricted stock units (RSUs) from Uber co-founder Travis Kalanick to perform at a private company event in Las Vegas in 2015.
Here’s a little bit of information about restricted stock units (RSU). It’s compensation issued by an employer to an employee in the form of company stock that are assigned a fair market value when they vest. Upon vesting, the stock units are considered income, and a portion of the shares is withheld to pay income taxes. The employee receives the remaining shares and can sell them at his or her discretion.
So, Beyonce, although not a regular employee of Uber, was in fact “an employee” temporarily when she performed at the company’s private event. While the exact value of the shares at the time is not known, it can be assumed that the value was around $20 to $25 per share.
But when Uber’s IPO initially debuted, it started trading at $42 per share. So, if she sold her shares immediately despite the IPO plummeting, she could have easily made $300 million or more from her shares.
Another win for the Beehive!
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